Diferència entre revisions de la pàgina «Rock dur»

20 octets eliminats ,  fa 7 anys
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cap resum d'edició
m (Revertides les edicions de EIokos.98 (discussió). S'ha recuperat la darrera versió de l'usuari 83.37.45.23)
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{{gènere musical|name= Rock dur
| name = Rock dur
| bgcolor =crimson
|color =white
|stylistic_origins = [[Rock & roll]] -, [[Bluesblues rock]] -, [[Rockrock psicodèlic]]
|cultural_origins=Finals de la [[dècada de 1960|anys 60]] al [[Regne Unit]]
|instruments = [[Guitarra]] - [[Baixbaix elèctric|Baixbaix]][[Guitarraguitarra elèctrica|Guitarraguitarra]] - [[Bateriabateria (instrument musical)|Bateriabateria]] - [[Pianopiano|Teclatsteclats]]
|popularity =Alta durant els 70 i els 80
|derivatives = [[Heavy metal]]
|subgenrelist = Llista de gèneres del Hard Rock
|subgenres = [[Punkpunk rock]] -, [[Grungegrunge]] -, [[Nunu metal]] -, [[Heavyheavy metal]]
|fusiongenres=
|regional_scenes = [[Manchester]], [[Anglaterra]]
}}
El '''rock dur''' o '''pesant''' (de l'anglès ''hard rock'' o ''heavy rock''), és el fruit del desenvolupament i la barreja del [[blues]] i dels aspectes més innovadors del [[rock]] existent a la [[dècada del 1960]], que es caracteritza per la important presència de guitarres elèctriques, ritmes contundents amb notable protagonisme de la bateria, i una veu que adquireix també un nou protagonisme pel que fa a la seva força, sense renunciar a la melodia. Tot plegat va tenir el recolzament dels avenços tècnics que afectaven tant els instruments com els sistemes d'[[amplificació]], cada cop més potents.
 
A finals dels anys 60, esperonats pel que havien fet grups com ara [[The Beatles]], [[The Who]], [[The Animals]], [[The Yardbirds]] o [[Creedence Clearwater Revival]], hi va haver una sèrie d'artistes i grups que van unir a això una forta influència de [[blues progressiu]] i van dur el [[Música Pop|pop]] i el [[rock]] existents cap a un terreny on hi predominava la força del ritme i la contundència sonora. Entre ells destaquen pel seu èxit [[Cream]], [[Jimi Hendrix]], [[Led Zeppelin]], [[Deep Purple]] o [[Black Sabbath]]. La frontera que separa el hard rock del [[heavy metal]] és sovint difícil de distingir. De fet, segons alguns usos de l'etiqueta ''hard rock'', aquest conté el heavy metal, mentre que en d'altres usos es tracta d'un gènere diferent però proper i amb una àmplia zona d'intersecció. Mentre alguns artistes es van mantenir més propers al camp del blues i del [[rock progressiu]], d'altres van tendir a accentuar la resta d'aspectes que caracteritzarien el [[heavy metal]]. Així, dins del rock dur més proper a les arrels de blues, van sorgir a la [[dècada del 1970]] grups com [[Whitesnake]], [[AC/DC]], [[ZZ Top]], [[Kiss]] o [[Aerosmith]]. A la [[dècada del 1980]], de forma paral·lela al desenvolupament del [[heavy metal]] i els seus derivats, el rock dur va seguir produint grans bandes i en destaquen especialment les que es van originar a la ciutat nord-americana de [[Los Angeles]]: [[Guns N' Roses]], [[Cinderella]], [[L.A. Guns]], etc.
 
== Discografia representativa ==
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)
 
== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)== Discografia representativa ==
 
== Discografia representativa ==
* [[Cream]]: "Disraeli Gears" (1967), "Wheels Of Fire" (1968)
* [[Jimi Hendrix]]: "Electric Ladyland" (1968), "Woodstock" (1969)
* [[AC/DC]]: "If You Want Blood You've Got It" (1978), "Highway To Hell" (1979), "Back In Black" (1980)
* [[Aerosmith]]: "Toys In The Attic" (1975), "Pump" (1989)
* [[Guns nN' Roses]]: "Appetite For Destruction" (1987), "Lies" (1988)v
 
== Vegeu també ==
* [[Peer Günt]].
 
 
{{Commonscat|hard rock}}
 
{{ORDENA:Rock Dur}} <!--ORDENA generat per bot-->
{{Enllaç AB|en}}
{{ORDENA:Rock Dur}}
 
[[Categoria:Gèneres del rock]]
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