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==Terminology==
TheEl termterme "FertileCreixent CrescentFèrtil" wasfou firstusat usedper byprimer cop per l'arqueòleg de la [[UniversityUniversitat ofde Chicago]] archaeologist [[James Henry Breasted]] en la inseva hisobra ''[[Ancient Records of Egypt]]'', publishedpublicada inel 1906.<ref>{{cite encyclopedia |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |editor= |encyclopedia=Columbia Encyclopedia |title=Fertile Crescent |url=http://education.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry/FertileC |accessdate=2008-09-23 |edition= |date= |year=2008 |publisher=Columbia University Press |volume= |location= |id= |doi= |pages= |quote= }}</ref><ref>ManyMoltes sourcesfonts claimafirmen thatque theel termterme "fertilecreixent crescentfèrtil" wasva coinedser byencunyat per James Henry Breasted;, howeverperò, thoseaquestes sourcesfonts disagreeno aboutestan thed'acord datesobre whenla thedata termen wasquè coined.es va Someencunyar claimel terme. Alguns diuen 1916;, mentre que othersaltres, 1914; stillaltres othersmés, 1906. TheL'afirmació 1916 claimes isbasa baseden onel Breasted'sllibre de text bookde forBreasted highper schoolals studentsestudiants de secundària'', ''Ancient Times''. (SeeVegeu: James Henry Breasted,'' ''Ancient Times, a History of the Early World'' (New York, New York: Ginn and Co., 1916), [http://books.google.com/books?id=vwZqAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA101#v=onepage&q&f=false pagepàg 101].) No Howeverobstant això, theel termterme previouslyva appearedaparèixer inprèviament el 1914 inen Breastedl'sobra bookde Breasted, ''Outlines of European History, Part I''. (SeeVegeu: James Henry Breasted andi James Harvey Robinson, ''Outlines of European History, Part I'' (New York, New York: Ginn and Co., 1914), [http://books.google.com/books?id=gT0iAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA56#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 56].) BothAmbdues ofafirmacions thesehan claimsde mustser beerrònies, wrongdonat becauseque inel 1912 Henry T. Fowler usedva theutilitzar termel interme hisen book,el seu llibre ''A History of the Literature of Ancient Israel'' … . (SeeVegeu: Henry Thatcher Fowler, ''A History of the Literature of Ancient Israel from the Earliest Times to 135 B.C.'' (New York, New York: Macmillan Co., 1912), [http://books.google.com/books?id=X6sOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA2#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 2] : " … civilizedsemites Semitescivilitzats controlledcontrolen thetot entireel fertilecreixent crescentfèrtil ofdel territoryterritori extendingque froms'estén thedes Persiandel GulfGolf toPèrsic thefins bordersa ofles Egyptfronteres d'Egipte, … .") TheL'afirmació del 1906 claimes isbase baseden onles Breasted'scinc fivellibres booksde titledBreasted titulats ''Ancient Records of Egypt'' ; howeverNo obstant això, no sourcehi citesha thecap volumefont orcita pageel nombre de volum o de la pàgina number(ses) inen whichquè theapareix termel appearsterme.</ref> TheLa regionregió wasva soser namedanomenada becauseaixí ofa itscausa richde soilla andriquesa del seu sòl i la forma de [[crescentFase lunar|mitja lluna]] shape.
 
The modern-day countries with significant territory within the Fertile Crescent are [[Iraq]], [[Kuwait]], [[Syria]], [[Lebanon]], [[Jordan]], and [[Israel]], besides the southeastern fringe of [[Turkey]] and the western fringe of [[Iran]].
 
 
== Història ==
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