Diferència entre revisions de la pàgina «HMS Victoria (1887)»

El consell de guerra va establir cinc troballesconclusions:<ref>Gordon p. 274.</ref>
* Que la col·lisió era deguda a una ordre de l'Almirall Tryon.
* Que després de l'accident s'havia tot el possible per salvar el vaixell i les vides.
[[File:HMS Victoria (1887).jpg|thumb|left|''Victoria'']]
[[File:HMSSansPareil1897.jpg|thumb|left|''Sans Pareil'']]
Es va establir que el vaixell no hauria estat en perill si les portes estanques s'haguessin tancat a temps. Bourke va quedar sense culpa, perquè la col·lisió era deguda a l'ordre explícita de l'Almirall Tryon, però la sentència contenia una crítica implícita del Contraalmirall Markham. Winsloe es va queixar després que no se li havia permès de presentar el cas de forma adequada, i que hi havia proves més que suficients per condemnar Markham i altres de la seva tripulació per negligència. A Anglaterra, la premsa estava confusa sobre si les conclusions sobre Markham constituïen una acusació o no, i si era responsabilitat d'un oficial de desobeir una ordre perillosa. The ''Saturday Review'' commented, "the court has evaded the real point with a slipperiness (for we cannot say dexterity) not wholly worthy of the candour we expect from officers and gentlemen." Captain Gerald Noel of ''Nile'', who had given evidence critical of ''Camperdown''{{'}}s actions, wrote to Markham observing that things might have turned out better had he been on any ship other than ''Camperdown'', and that in his opinion Captain Johnstone was incompetent. [[Lord Charles Beresford|Charles Beresford]] and Admiral of the Fleet Sir [[Geoffrey Hornby|Geoffrey Phipps Hornby]] published a joint letter in the ''United Service Gazette'' that: "Admiral Markham might have refused to perform the evolution ordered, and the ''Victoria'' might have been saved. Admiral Markham, however, would have been tried by court-martial, and no one would have sympathised with him as it would not have been realized that he had averted a catastrophe. Unconditional obedience is, in brief, the only principle on which those in service must act." This contrasted with a statement contained in the official signal book; "Although it is the duty of every ship to preserve as correctly as possible the station assigned to her, this duty is not to be held as freeing the captain from the responsibility of taking such steps as may be necessary to avoid any danger to which she is exposed, when immediate action is imperative and time or circumstance do not admit of the Admiral's permission being obtained." <ref>Gordon pp. 275–283.</ref>