Diferència entre revisions de la pàgina «Usuari:Wgarcia/proves»

 
====[[Armenis ocults|Cripto-armenis]]====
Armenis ocults o cripto-armenis<ref>{{ref-notícia|cognom=Ziflioğlu|nom=Vercihan|títol=Hidden Armenians in Turkey expose their identities|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/default.aspx?pageid=438&n=hidden-armenians-in-turkey-expose-their-identities-2011-06-24|consulta=13 novembre de 2013|agència=[[Hürriyet Daily News]]|data=24 de juny de 2011|llengua=anglès}}</ref>
Hidden Armenians or crypto-Armenians<ref>{{cite news|last=Ziflioğlu|first=Vercihan|title=Hidden Armenians in Turkey expose their identities|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/default.aspx?pageid=438&n=hidden-armenians-in-turkey-expose-their-identities-2011-06-24|accessdate=13 November 2013|newspaper=[[Hürriyet Daily News]]|date=24 June 2011}}</ref> is an [[umbrella term]] to describe people in Turkey "of full or partial ethnic Armenian origin who generally conceal their Armenian identity from wider Turkish society."<ref>{{cite news|last=Ziflioğlu|first=Vercihan|title='Elective courses may be ice-breaker for all'|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/elective-courses-may-be-ice-breaker-for-all.aspx?pageID=238&nid=23512|accessdate=24 June 2013|newspaper=[[Hürriyet Daily News]]|date=19 June 2012}}</ref> They are descendants of Armenians in Turkey who were [[Islamized]] and either [[Kurdified]] or [[Turkified]] under the threat of either death, displacement, loss of property or a combination of those during the [[Armenian Genocide]].<ref name="noravank">{{cite web|last=Khanlaryan|first=Karen|title=The Armenian ethnoreligious elements in the Western Armenia|url=http://www.noravank.am/eng/issues/detail.php?ELEMENT_ID=3724|publisher=[[Noravank Foundation]]|accessdate=16 June 2013|date=29 September 2005}}</ref>
és un terme genèric per descriure persones a Turquia «d'origen ètnic armeni complet o parcial que generalment oculten la seva identitat armènia de la societat turca més àmplia.»<ref>{{ref-notícies|cognom=Ziflioğlu|nom=Vercihan|títol='Elective courses may be ice-breaker for all'|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/elective-courses-may-be-ice-breaker-for-all.aspx?pageID=238&nid=23512|consulta=24 de juny de 2013|obra=[[Hürriyet Daily News]]|data=19 de juny de 2012}}</ref> Són descendent d'armeni de Turquia que es van islamitzar o es van amagar entre els kurds o els turcs per salvar les seves vides, per evitar la deportació o la pèrdua de propietats durant el [[genocidi armeni]].<ref name="noravank">{{ref-web|cognom=Khanlaryan|nom=Karen|títol=The Armenian ethnoreligious elements in the Western Armenia|url=http://www.noravank.am/eng/issues/detail.php?ELEMENT_ID=3724|editorial=[[Noravank Foundation]]|consulta=16 juny de 2013|data=29 de setembre de 2005}}</ref>
Ways in which they were converted included orphans being taken in by Muslim families, Armenian women being taken as wives by soldiers, and entire families converting by joining communities that accepted them. The latter option is said to of happened en masse in the Province of Dersim([[Tunceli]]).
Les maneres en que es van convertir van ser diverses, entre d'altres òrfenes adoptats per famílies musulmanes, dones armènies que van ser casades amb soldats, i famílies senceres que es van unir a comunitats que les van acceptar. Aquesta última opció es diu que va succeir en massa a la província de Dersim ([[Tunceli]]).
 
Molts criptos ignoren completament el seu origen armeni, i viuen com a turcs o kurds, mentre que d'altres saben que són armenis però l'oculten per por a la discriminació.
Many Cryptos are totally unaware of their Armenian ethnicity, living as Turks or Kurds, while many know they are Armenian but hide it out of fear of discrimination.
 
=====Religious affiliation=====
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