Torneig de Candidats: diferència entre les revisions

Canvis menors, neteja AWB
m (Correcció tipogràfica: espais sobrants)
(Canvis menors, neteja AWB)
| 1. Kotov, 2.-3. [[Mark Taimanov|Taimanov]], [[Tigran Petrosian|Petrosian]], 4. [[Efim Geller|Geller]],<br/> 5.-8. [[Yuri Averbakh|Averbakh]], Ståhlberg, Szabo, [[Svetozar Gligorić|Gligoric]]
| Bronstein, [[Isaac Boleslavsky|Boleslavsky]], Smyslov, Keres, Reshevsky, [[Miguel Najdorf|Najdorf]],<ref>from previous Candidates</ref> Euwe<ref>from [[World Chess Championship 1948|1948 Championship]]</ref>
| [[ZürichZuric]] 1953<br/>15 players,<br/> double round robin<br/>1. Smyslov<br/>2.-4. Keres, Bronstein, Reshevsky
| Smyslov
| Botvinnik (1951 champion)
| [[World Chess Championship 1986|1986]]
|colspan="5"|Rematch
| Karpov,<br />
Kasparov
| London/[[Leningrad]] 1986<br/> Kasparov won 12.5–11.5
|-
| [[Classical World Chess Championship 1995|1993–95]] ([[Professional Chess Association|PCA]])
| [[Groningen (city)|Groningen]] Decemberdesembre 1993<br/>54 players Swiss, 7&nbsp;qualified
| 1.-2. [[Michael Adams|Adams]], Anand,<br/>3.-7. [[Gata Kamsky|Kamsky]], [[Vladimir Kramnik|Kramnik]], [[Sergei Tiviakov|Tiviakov]], [[Boris Gulko|Gulko]], [[Oleg Romanishin|Romanishin]]
| Short
|-
|rowspan="2"| [[FIDE World Chess Championship 1996|1993–96 (FIDE)]]
|rowspan="2"| [[Biel]] Julyjuliol 1993<br/>73 players Swiss, 10&nbsp;qualified
|rowspan="2"| 1. Gelfand,<br/> 2.-9. [[Paul Van der Sterren|Van der Sterren]], Kamsky, [[Alexander Khalifman|Khalifman]], Adams, Yudasin, Salov, [[Joël Lautier|Lautier]], Kramnik,<br/>10.-15. Anand<ref>Epichine, Lputian, Shirov, Ivanchuk and I. Sokolov were eliminated by the tie-break (sum of the opponents Elo ratings).</ref>
|Timman, Yusupov
|-
| [[Classical World Chess Championship 2000|1998 (Classical)]]
| [[Cazorla]], May-June 1998<br />10-game match
|colspan="3"| Kramnik, [[Alexei Shirov|Shirov]] <br/>(on rating)<ref>''Anand'', as a participant in the FIDE world championship cycle, believed he was contractually obligated to not participate in a rival cycle.</ref>
| Shirov won 5.5–3.5
|-
| [[Classical World Chess Championship 2004|2002–2004 (Classical)]]
| [[Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting|Dortmund]] Julyjuliol 2002<br/>preliminaries: two four players double round robins;<br/>Semi-finals: the first from each group met the second from the other group in mini-matches
|colspan="3"|Preliminaries:<ref>''Kasparov'', ''Anand'' and other players engaged in the FIDE championship declined the invitation</ref><br/>group 1: 1. Shirov, 2.[[Veselin Topalov|Topalov]], 3.[[Boris Gelfand|Gelfand]], 4.[[Christopher Lutz|Lutz]]<br/>group 2: 1.[[Evgeny Bareev|Bareev]], 2.[[Peter Leko|Leko]], 3.Adams, 4.[[Alexander Morozevich|Morozevich]]<br/><br/>Semi-finals :<br/> Leko beat Shirov and Topalov beat Bareev.
|Leko<br/>(beat Topalov in the final)
|-
| [[FIDE World Chess Championship 1998|1997–1998 (FIDE)]]
|[[Groningen (city)|Groningen]]<br/> Decemberdesembre 1997,<br/> 7 round, mini-match, knockout tournament
|colspan="3"|100 players,<ref>Top seed ''[[Vladimir Kramnik|Kramnik]]'' refused to participate on the grounds that 1996 FIDE champion Karpov's direct entry into the final was unacceptable;<br/> 1995 classical champion ''[[Garry Kasparov|Kasparov]]'', 1996 finalist ''[[Gata Kamsky|Kamsky]]'' and 1996 Women champion ''[[Susan Polgar|Z. Polgar]]'' refused in advance to participate.</ref><br/>Quarter-finalists:<br/> Adams, Van Wely, Short, Krasenkov, Gelfand, Dreev, Anand and Shirov.<ref>Topalov, Ivanchuk, Beliavsky, Salov, Bareev, Georgiev, J. Polgar, Sadler, Akopian, Lautier were eliminated</ref>
|colspan=2| [[Viswanathan Anand|Anand]] (beat [[Michael Adams|Adams]] in candidates final)<br/> [[Anatoly Karpov|Karpov]] (1996 FIDE champion)
| [[Lausanne]]:<br/> Januarygener 1998<br/>6-game match<br/>Drawn 3–3;<br/> [[Anatoly Karpov|Karpov]] won rapid playoff 2–0
|-
| [[FIDE World Chess Championship 1999|1999 (FIDE)]]
|colspan="3"|100 players,<ref>Classical champions ''Kasparov'', ''Kramnik'' and 1998 FIDE champion ''Karpov'' didn't participate</ref><br/>Quarter-finalists:<br/>Anand, Khalifman, Adams, Topalov, Tkachiev, Grischuk, Shirov and Bareev<ref>Morozevich, Leko, Krasenkov, Kasimdzhanov, Svidler, Gelfand, Short, Smirin, Dreev, Azmaiparashvili, Rublevsky, Almasi, Xu Jun, Gurevich were eliminated</ref>
|colspan="2"|Semi-finals:<br/>Anand beat Adams,<br/> Shirov beat [[Alexander Grischuk|Grischuk]]
| [[Tehran]]<br/> Decemberdesembre 2000<br/>6-game match</br>Anand won 3.5–0.5
|-
| [[FIDE World Chess Championship 2002|2001–2002 (FIDE)]]
|colspan="3"| 128 players,<ref>Classical champions ''Kramnik'' and ''Kasparov'' didn't participate. All other strongest players of the world took part, including former winners of the FIDE World Championship Anand, Khalifman (eliminated in third round) and Karpov (eliminated in first round).</ref><br/>Quarter-finalists:<br/>Anand, Shirov, Ivanchuk, Lautier, Svidler, Gelfand, Ponomariov and Bareev
|colspan="2"|Semi-finals:<br/> [[Ruslan Ponomariov|Ponomariov]] beat [[Peter Svidler|Svidler]],<br/> [[Vassily Ivanchuk|Ivanchuk]] beat Anand
| Moscow<br/> Januarygener 2002<br/>8-game match<br/>Ponomariov won 4.5–2.5<ref name="reunification">Reunification Match with Kasparov never took place</ref>
|-
|[[FIDE World Chess Championship, 2004|2004 (FIDE)]]
|colspan="3"| 128 players,<ref>''Kasparov, Anand, Kramnik, Svidler, Shirov, Ponomariov, [[Peter Leko|Leko]], [[Judit Polgár|J. Polgár]], [[Boris Gelfand|Gelfand]], [[Evgeny Bareev|Bareev]], Karpov'' and Israeli players refused to participate, [[Alexander Morozevich|Morozevich]] was absent before the first round</ref><br/>Quarter-finalists:<br/>Topalov, Kharlov, Kasimdzhanov, Grischuk, [[Teimour Radjabov|Radjabov]], Dominguez, Adams, Akopian<ref>Ivanchuk, Short, Malakhov, Nisipeanu, Sokolov, Dreev, Akopian, Bacrot, Gurevich, Rublevsky, were eliminated</ref>
|colspan="2"|Semi-finals:<br/> Adams beat Radjabov,<br/> [[Rustam Kasimdzhanov|Kasimdzhanov]] beat [[Veselin Topalov|Topalov]]
| [[Tripoli]] Julyjuliol 2004<br/>6-game match<br/>drawn 3–3;<br/> Kasimdzhanov won rapid playoff 1.5–0.5<ref name="reunification"/>
|-
|[[FIDE World Chess Championship, 2005|2005 (FIDE)]]
|colspan="3"|Reunification match
|colspan="3"|Topalov (FIDE champion),<br/> Kramnik (classical champion)
|[[Elista]] Octoberoctubre 2006<br/>12-game match<br/>drawn 6–6,<br/> Kramnik won rapid playoff 2.5–1.5
|- bgcolor="#cccccc"
! '''Years'''
| Aronian,<br/> Gelfand,<br/> Grischuk,<br/> Leko<ref>Aronian beat A.Shirov; Leko beat Bareev; Grischuk beat Rublevsky; Gelfand beat Kamsky</ref>
| Anand, Svidler, Morozevich (2nd–4th in 2005);<br/><br/>Kramnik<ref>''Topalov'' was replaced by Kramnik (2006 Champion)</ref> (2006 Champion)
| [[Mexico City]]:<br/> Septembersetembre 2007<br/>8 players,<br/> double round robin <br/>1. Anand 9/14<br/>2.-3. Kramnik and Gelfand: 8/14
|-
|[[World Chess Championship 2008|2008]]
|colspan="5"|Rematch
| Kramnik, Anand
| [[Bonn]] Octoberoctubre 2008<br/>12-game match<br/>Anand won 6.5-4.5 to retain the title.
|-
|[[World Chess Championship 2010|2007-2010]]
| [[Chess World Cup 2007]]<br/> Khanty-Mansiysk<br/> November-December 2007<br/> 128 players, 7 round, mini-match, knockout tournament
| Kamsky <br/>beat A. Shirov 2.5-1.5 in the final.
| Topalov<br />(2005 FIDE champion)
| [[Sofia]]<br/> Februaryfebrer 2009, <br />8-game match
| Topalov won 4.5-2.5
| Anand<br/> (2008 champion)
|Aronian, [[Teimour Radjabov|Radjabov]]<br/>(Grischuk)<ref name="Grischuk"/>
|rowspan="2"|(''Carlsen'') Grischuk,<ref name="Grischuk"/> Kramnik<br/> (on rating),<br/><br/>Kamsky,<ref>2009 candidate, loser of the [[World Chess Championship 2010#Challenger Match|2009 Challenger Match]]</ref><br/> Topalov,<ref>2010 finalist, loser of 2010 World Chess Championship match</ref><br/> [[Shakhriyar Mamedyarov|Mamedyarov]]<ref>nominee of tournament organizers</ref><ref>[http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=6543 FIDE to move Candidates Matches, Topalov threatens boycott]</ref>
|rowspan="2"|[[Kazan]]<br/> Aprilabril 2011,<ref>[http://www.chessintranslation.com/2010/08/kamsky-on-the-candidates-matches/ Kamsky on the Candidates Matches]</ref> <br/>8 players,<br/> matches
|rowspan="2"|
|rowspan="2"|Anand<br/> (2010 champion)
* [http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/wcc-indy.htm Torneigs de la FIDE pels campionats del món 1948-1990], ''Mark Weeks chess pages'' {{en}}
* [http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/wcc-indx.htm Torneigs pels campionats del món 1991-actualitat], ''Mark Weeks chess pages'' {{en}}
 
 
{{esborrany d'escacs}}
 
<!--ORDENA generat per bot-->
 
{{ORDENA:Torneig De Candidats}} <!--ORDENA generat per bot-->
[[Categoria:Classificació pel Campionat del Món d'escacs]]
390.067

modificacions