Diferència entre revisions de la pàgina «Gran Ducat de Posen»

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El '''Gran Ducat de Posen''' (en [[idioma polonès|polonès]]: ''Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie''; en [[idioma alemany|alemany]]: ''Großherzogtum Posen'') va ser una província autònoma del [[regne de Prússia]] a les terres poloneses coneguda de forma comuna com la'' [[Gran Polònia]]'' entre els anys [[1815]] i [[1848]]. El nom va ser usat en forma no oficial després, especialment pels polonesos, i avui és usat pels historiadors moderns per descriure les diferents entitats polítiques fins al [[1918]]. La seva capital era [[Posen]] (en [[idioma polonès|polonès]]: ''Poznań''; en [[idioma alemany|alemany]]: ''Posen'').
 
Creat a partir dels territoris annexats per Prússia després de les particions de Polònia i establert formalment després de les guerres napoleòniques el 1815. Per acords derivats del Congrés de Viena havia de tenir certa autonomia. Tanmateix, en realitat es va subordinar a Prússia i els drets proclamats pels assumptes polonesos no es van implementar plenament. El nom va ser usat extraoficialment, especialment pels polonesos, i avui és utilitzat pels historiadors moderns per referir-se a diferents entitats polítiques fins a 1918.
 
La seva capital era [[Posen]] (en [[idioma polonès|polonès]]: ''Poznań''; en [[idioma alemany|alemany]]: ''Posen''). El Gran Ducat va ser substituït formalment per la [[Província de Posen]] en la Constitució de Prússia (1848) del 5 de desembre de 1848.
 
==Àrea i població==
* 2.100.000 ([[1910]]).
 
== Persones notables ==
<!-- Notable people(in alphabetical order)
(en ordre alfabètic)<br />
(see also Notable people of Provi)
 
* [[Hipolit Cegielski]] (1815–1868), PolishHome businessmande negocis polonès, activista social andi cultural activist
* [[Dezydery Chłapowski]] (1788–1879), PolishGeneral generalpolonès, business andactivista politicalsocial activist
* [[Bernard Chrzanowski]] (1861–1944), Activista polític i social polonès
* [[August Cieszkowski]] (1814–1894), PolishFilòsof philosopherpolones, socialcofundador andde politicalla activist,[[Lliga co-founder of the Polish Leaguepolonesa]] (Liga Polska), co-foundercofundador andi president of thede [[PTPN]]
* [[Bolesław Dembiński]] (1833–1914), Compositor i organista polonès
* [[Franciszek Dobrowolski]] (1830–1896), PolishDirector theatrede directorteatre polonès, editor ofde [[Dziennika Poznańskiego (Poznań Daily)]]
* [[Tytus Działyński]] (1796–1861), Activista polític polonès
* [[Ewaryst Estkowski]] (1820–1856), Mestre polonès
* [[Eduard Flottwell]] (1786–1865), Polític prussià
* [[Karl Andreas Wilhelm Freymark]] (1785–1855), Bisbe
* [[Immanuel Lazarus Fuchs]] (1833–1902), PrussianMatemàtic mathematicianprussià
* [[Maksymilian Jackowski]] (1815–1905), Activista polonès
* [[Paul von Hindenburg]] (1847–1934), FieldPresident Marshalde andla PresidentRepública of thede Weimar Republic
* [[Kazimierz Jarochowski]] (1828–1888), Historiador polonès, cofundador de [[PTPN]]
* [[Hermann Kennemann]] (1815–1910), Polític prussià
* [[Antoni Kraszewski]] (1797–1870), PolishPolític politicianprussià andi parliamentarianparlamentari
* [[Karol Libelt]] (1807–1875), Polish philosopher, political and socialFilòsof activistpolonès, president ofde [[PTPN]]
* [[Karol Marcinkowski]] (1800–1848), Físic polonès, activista social
* [[Teofil Matecki]] (1810–1886), Físic polonès, activista social, membre de PTPN
* [[Maciej Mielzyński]] (1799–1870), politicalActivista andpolític sociali activistsocial
* [[Ludwik Mycielski]], Polish political, president ofPresident thedel NationalConsell CouncilNacional (Rada Narodowa) inel 1913
* [[Andrzej Niegolewski]] (1787–1857), Coronel polonès durant les guerres napoleòniques
* [[Władysław Oleszczyński]] (1808–1866), Escultor polonès
* [[Gustaw Potworowski]] (1800–1860), Activista polonès
* [[Edward Raczyński (1786–1845),|Edward PolishRaczyński]] conservative politician(1786–1845), protectorPolític ofconservador artspolonès, founderfundador de ofla thebibilioteca Raczynski Library inde Poznań
* [[Antoni Radziwiłł]] (1775–1833), Duc polonès, compositor i polític
* [[Walenty Stefański]] (1813–1877), Polish bookseller, politicalLlibreter activistpolonès, co-foundercofundador ofde thela Polish[[Lliga Leaguepolonesa]] (Liga Polska)
* [[Florian Stablewski]] (1841–1906), PolishArquebisbe priestcatòlic archbishop ofde Poznań andi Gniezno, Polish member of Prussian parliament
* [[Heinrich Tiedemann]] (1840–1922), Polític prussià
* [[Leon Wegner]] (1824–1873), Economista i historiador polonès, cofundador de [[PTPN]]
* [[Richard Witting]] (1812–1912), Polític prussià
 
== Referències ==
{{referències}}
 
Hipolit Cegielski (1815–1868), Polish businessman, social and cultural activist
Dezydery Chłapowski (1788–1879), Polish general, business and political activist
Bernard Chrzanowski (1861–1944), Polish social and political activist, president of the Union of the Greater Poland Falcons (Związek Sokołów Wielkopolskich)
August Cieszkowski (1814–1894), Polish philosopher, social and political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska), co-founder and president of the PTPN
Bolesław Dembiński (1833–1914), Polish composer and organist, activist fo the singers societies
Franciszek Dobrowolski (1830–1896), Polish theatre director, editor of Dziennika Poznańskiego (Poznań Daily)
Tytus Działyński (1796–1861), Polish political activist, protector of arts
Ewaryst Estkowski (1820–1856), Polish teacher, education activist, editor of Szkoła Polska (Polish School) magazine
Edward H. Flotwell (1786–1865), Prussian politician, over-president of the Grand Duchy of Poznań
Immanuel Lazarus Fuchs (1833–1902), Prussian mathematician
Maksymilian Jackowski (1815–1905), Polish activist, secretary-general of the Central Economic Society (Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze), patron of the agricultural circles
Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934), Field Marshal and President of the Weimar Republic
Kazimierz Jarochowski (1828–1888), Polish historian, publicist of the Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily), co-founder of PTPN
Hermann Kennemann (1815–1910), Prussian politician, co-founder of the German Eastern Marches Society
Antoni Kraszewski (1797–1870), Polish politician and parliamentarian
Karol Libelt (1807–1875), Polish philosopher, political and social activist, president of PTPN
Karol Marcinkowski (1800–1848), Polish physician, social activist, founder of the Poznań Bazar
Teofil Matecki (1810–1886), Polish physician, social activist, member of PTPN, founder of the Adam Mickiewicz monument of Poznań
Maciej Mielzyński (1799–1870), political and social activist
Ludwik Mycielski, Polish political, president of the National Council (Rada Narodowa) in 1913
Andrzej Niegolewski (1787–1857), Polish colonel during the Napoleonic Wars, member of parliament, shareholder of the Poznań Bazar
Władysław Oleszczyński (1808–1866), Polish sculptor, who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznań
Gustaw Potworowski (1800–1860), Polish activist, founder of the Kasyno in Gostyń, activist of the Polish League (Liga Polska)
Edward Raczyński (1786–1845), Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczynski Library in Poznań
Antoni Radziwiłł (1775–1833), Polish duke, composer, and politician, governor-general of the Grand Duchy of Poznań
Walenty Stefański (1813–1877), Polish bookseller, political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska)
Florian Stablewski (1841–1906), Polish priest archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno, Polish member of Prussian parliament
Heinrich Tiedemann (1840–1922), Prussian politician, co-founder of the German Eastern Marches Society
Leon Wegner (1824–1873), Polish economist and historian, co-founder of PTPN
Richard Witting (1812–1912), Prussian politician, over-president of Poznań City, 1891–1902 -->
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