Diferència entre revisions de la pàgina «Índex de desenvolupament humà»

Etiqueta: editor de codi 2017
Etiqueta: editor de codi 2017
Comparant els informes de l'IDH es constata una evolució general a tot el món. Si el [[1975]] només hi havia un 22% de països amb un resultat que indicava benestar alt, la xifra tres dècades després (2005) era del 40%. Igualment, la disminució de països amb un índex molt baix va passar del 34% al 12%, mentre que la franja mitjana es mantenia més estable. Aquest progrés, però, no exclou l'empitjorament de determinats Estats per situacions particulars, especialment la guerra i acumulació de desastres naturals.
 
== Índex de desenvolupament humà 2018 (informe de 2019) ==
== Classificació dels països ==
{{AP|Països per índex de desenvolupament humà}}
 
=== Els 42 països amb l'IDH més alt l'any 2010 ===
* Xifra davant la bandera: lloc que ocupa el país en la classificació mundial composta per 169 països.
* Xifra entre parèntesis: llocs que el país guanya o perd en relació a la classificació mundial de l'any 2005.
 
* {{Increase}} = increment.
{{llista de columnes|3|
* {{Steady}} = constant.
# {{Flag|Norway}} 0.938 ({{Steady}})
* {{Decrease}} = disminució.
# {{Flag|Australia}} 0.937 ({{Steady}})
<!-- * Similar HDI values in the current list do not lead to ranking ties, since the HDI rank is actually determined using HDI values to the sixth decimal point. (It changed on the 2014 report, and know there are ranking ties) -->
# {{Flag|New Zealand}} 0.907 ({{Steady}})
 
# {{Flag|United States}} 0.902 ({{Steady}})
{{clear}}
# {{Flag|Ireland}} 0.895 ({{Steady}})
 
# {{Flag|Liechtenstein}} 0.891 ({{increase}} 5)
{{col-begin}}
# {{Flag|Netherlands}} 0.890 ({{increase}} 3)
{{col-break}}
# {{Flag|Canada}} 0.888 ({{Steady}})
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center"
# {{Flag|Sweden}} 0.885 ({{decrease}} 3)
|-
# {{Flag|Germany}} 0.885 ({{decrease}} 1)
!scope="col" colspan="2"| Rànquing
# {{Flag|Japan}} 0.884 ({{increase}} 1)
! scope="col" rowspan="2" style="width:250px;"| País / territori
# {{Flag|South Korea}} 0.877 ({{increase}} 8)
!scope="col" colspan="2"| IDH
# {{Flag|Switzerland}} 0.874 ({{Steady}})
|-
# {{Flag|France}} 0.872 ({{increase}} 5)
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Rànquings de dades del 2018 (informe del 2019)</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
# {{Flag|Israel}} 0.872 ({{Steady}})
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Canvi de rang respecte de l'any anterior</small><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
# {{Flag|Finland}} 0.871 ({{decrease}} 2)
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Rànquings de dades del 2018 (informe del 2019)</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
# {{Flag|Iceland}} 0.869 ({{decrease}} 10)
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Canvi de rang respecte de l'any anterior</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
# {{Flag|Belgium}} 0.867 ({{decrease}} 1)
|-
# {{Flag|Denmark}} 0.866 ({{decrease}} 3)
#| 1 || {{Flagsteady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|SpainNorway}} || 0.863954 || ({{increase}} 1)0.001
|-
# {{Flag|Hong Kong}} 0.862 ({{increase}} 2)
#| 2 || {{Flagsteady}} |Greece|style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Switzerland}} || 0.855946 || ({{increase}} 3)0.003
|-
# {{Flag|Italy}} 0.854 ({{increase}} 4)
| 3 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Ireland}} || 0.942 || {{increase}} 0.003
# {{Flag|Luxembourg}} 0.852 ({{decrease}} 6)
|-
# {{Flag|Austria}} 0.851 ({{decrease}} 1)
| 4 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Germany}} || 0.939 || {{increase}} 0.001
# {{Flag|United Kingdom}} 0.849 ({{decrease}} 4)
|-
# {{Flag|Singapore}} 0.846 ({{increase}} 1)
| 4 || {{increase}} (2) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Hong Kong}} || 0.939 || {{increase}} 0.003
# {{Flag|Czech Republic}} 0.841 ({{decrease}} 2)
|-
# {{Flag|Slovenia}} 0.828 ({{Steady}})
#| 6 || {{Flagdecrease}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|AndorraAustralia}} || 0.824938 || ({{increase}} 2)0.001
|-
# {{Flag|Slovakia}} 0.818 ({{increase}} 5)
#| 6 || {{Flag|Unitedincrease}} Arab(1) Emirates||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Iceland}} || 0.815938 || ({{increase}} 5)0.003
|-
# {{Flag|Malta}} 0.815 ({{decrease}} 3)
#| 8 || {{Flagdecrease}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|EstoniaSweden}} || 0.812937 || ({{increase}} 3)0.001
|-
# {{Flag|Cyprus}} 0.810 ({{increase}} 4)
| 9 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Singapore}} || 0.935 || {{increase}} 0.001
# {{Flag|Hungary}} 0.805 ({{decrease}} 1)
|-
# {{Flag|Brunei}} 0.805 ({{decrease}} 5)
| 10 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Netherlands}} || 0.933 || {{increase}} 0.001
# {{Flag|Qatar}} 0.803 ({{decrease}} 5)
|-
# {{Flag|Bahrain}} 0.801 ({{decrease}} 1)
#| 11 || {{Flagsteady}} |Portugal|style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Denmark}} || 0.795930 || ({{increase}} 3)0.001
|-
# {{Flag|Poland}} 0.795 ({{increase}} 3)
| 12 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Finland}} || 0.925 || {{increase}} 0.001
# {{Flag|Barbados}} 0.788 ({{decrease}} 1)
|-
}}
| 13 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Canada}} || 0.922 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 14 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|New Zealand}} || 0.921 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 15 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|United Kingdom}} || 0.920 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 15 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|United States}} || 0.920 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 17 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Belgium}} || 0.919 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 18 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Liechtenstein}} || 0.917 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 19 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Japan}} || 0.915 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 20 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Austria}} || 0.914 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 21 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Luxembourg}} || 0.909 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 22 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Israel}} || 0.906 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 22 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|South Korea}} || 0.906 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 24 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Slovenia}} || 0.902 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 25 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Spain}} || 0.893 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 26 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Czech Republic}} || 0.891 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 26 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|France}} || 0.891 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 28 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Malta}} || 0.885 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 29 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Italy}} || 0.883 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 30 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Estonia}} || 0.882 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 31 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Cyprus}} || 0.873 || {{increase}} 0.002
|}
{{col-break}}
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center"
|-
!scope="col" colspan="2"| Rànquing
! scope="col" rowspan="2" style="width:250px;"| País / territori
!scope="col" colspan="2"| IDH
|-
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Rànquings de dades del 2018 (informe del 2019)</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Canvi de rang respecte de l'any anterior</small><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Rànquings de dades del 2018 (informe del 2019)</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Canvi de rang respecte de l'any anterior</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2019"/>
|-
| 32 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Greece}} || 0.872 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 32 || {{increase}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Poland}} || 0.872 || {{increase}} 0.004
|-
| 34 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Lithuania}} || 0.869 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 35 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|United Arab Emirates}} || 0.866 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 36 || {{increase}} (2) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Andorra}} || 0.857 || {{increase}} 0.005
|-
| 36 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Saudi Arabia}} || 0.857 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 36 || {{increase}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Slovakia}} || 0.857 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 39 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Latvia}} || 0.854 || {{increase}} 0.004
|-
| 40 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Portugal}} || 0.850 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 41 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Qatar}} || 0.848 || {{steady}}
|-
| 42 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Chile}} || 0.847 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 43 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Brunei}} || 0.845 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 43 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Hungary}} || 0.845 || {{increase}} 0.004
|-
| 45 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Bahrain}} || 0.838 || {{decrease}} 0.001
|-
| 46 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Croatia}} || 0.837 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 47 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Oman}} || 0.834 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 48 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Argentina}} || 0.830 || {{decrease}} 0.002
|-
| 49 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Russia}} || 0.824 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 50 || {{increase}} (3) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Belarus}} || 0.817 || {{increase}} 0.009
|-
| 50 || {{increase}} (8) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Kazakhstan}} || 0.817 || {{increase}} 0.017
|-
| 52 || {{decrease}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Bulgaria}} || 0.816 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 52 || {{decrease}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Montenegro}} || 0.816 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 52 || {{decrease}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Romania}} || 0.816 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 55 || {{increase}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Palau}} || 0.814 || {{increase}} 0.003
|-
| 56 || {{decrease}} (5) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Barbados}} || 0.813 || {{steady}}
|-
| 57 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Kuwait}} || 0.808 || {{decrease}} 0.001
|-
| 57 || {{increase}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Uruguay}} || 0.808 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 59 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Turkey}} || 0.806 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 60 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Bahamas}} || 0.805 || {{increase}} 0.001
|-
| 61 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Malaysia}} || 0.804 || {{increase}} 0.002
|-
| 62 || {{steady}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{flag|Seychelles}} || 0.801 || {{increase}} 0.001
|}
{{col-end}}
 
=== IDH ajustat per la desigualtat ===
7.589

modificacions