Goryeo: diferència entre les revisions

119 bytes afegits ,  fa 5 mesos
 
==== Darrera reforma ====
[[Fitxer:Goryeo-Portrait of Yeom Jesin.jpg|140px|miniatura|Yeom Jesin (1304–1382) wasva theser mainel politicalprincipal opponentoponent ofpolític thedel monkmonjo, Shin Don, whoque wasestava inal powerpoder.]]
Quan el rei Gongmin va ascendir al tron, Goryeo estava sota la influència de la Xina mongola de Yuan. Es va veure obligat a passar molts anys a la cort de Yuan, a la qual va ser enviat el 1341 com a virtual presoner abans de convertir-se en rei. Es va casar amb la princesa mongola, la [[reina Noguk]]. Però a mitjans del segle XIV els Yuan començaven a enfonsar-se, i aviat serien substituïts per la [[dinastia Ming]] el 1368. El rei Gongmin va començar a reformar el govern de Goryeo i a eliminar les influències mongoles.
 
El seu primer acte va ser destituir tots els aristòcrates i oficials militars pro-mongols dels seus càrrecs. Els mongols s'havien annexionat les províncies del nord de Goryeo després de les invasions i les havien incorporat al seu imperi com les prefectures de [[Ssangseong]] i [[Dongnyeong]]. L'exèrcit de Goryeo va reocupar aquestes províncies en part gràcies a la deserció de [[Yi Jachu]]n, un funcionari coreà menor al servei dels mongols a Ssangseong, i el seu fill Yi Seonggye. A més, els generals Yi Seonggye i Ji Yongsu van dirigir una campanya a [[Liaoyang]].
When King Gongmin ascended to the throne, Goryeo was under the influence of the Mongol Yuan China. He was forced to spend many years at the Yuan court, being sent there in 1341 as a virtual prisoner before becoming king. He married the Mongol princess [[Queen Noguk]]. But in the mid-14th century the Yuan was beginning to crumble, soon to be replaced by the [[Ming dynasty]] in 1368. King Gongmin began efforts to reform the Goryeo government and remove Mongolian influences.
 
His first act was to remove all pro-Mongol aristocrats and military officers from their positions. Mongols had annexed the northern provinces of Goryeo after the invasions and incorporated them into their empire as the [[Ssangseong]] and [[Dongnyeong Prefectures]]. The Goryeo army retook these provinces partly thanks to defection from [[Yi Jachun]], a minor Korean official in service of Mongols in Ssangseong, and his son Yi Seonggye. In addition, Generals Yi Seonggye and Ji Yongsu led a campaign into [[Liaoyang]].
 
After the death of Gongmin's wife Noguk in 1365, he fell into depression. In the end, he became indifferent to politics and entrusted that great task to the Buddhist monk [[Shin Don]]. But after six years, Shin Don lost his position. In 1374, Gongmin was killed by Hong Ryun ({{korean|labels=no|홍륜}}), Choe Mansaeng ({{korean|labels=no|최만생}}), and others.
123.160

modificacions