Monotype: diferència entre les revisions

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== Història ==
 
''' Lanston Monotype Machine Company ''' va ser fundada per [[Tolbert Lanston]] a [[Philadelphia]] l'any [[1887]]. Lanston havia patentat un mètode mecànic d'encunyar els caràcters de metall des de tires fires de metall que es posaven en una matriu d'impressió. En [[1896]] Lanston patentar la primera màquina tipogràfica de metall escalfat i Monotype publicar la seva primera tipografia, [[Modern Condensed]]. <! -- The licenses for the Lanston type library have been acquired by P22, a digital type Foundry based in [[Buffalo, New York]].--->
 
En la recerca d'inversors, la companyia va obrir una [[filial]] a [[Londres]] l'any [[1897]] sota el nom de ''' Lanston Monotype Corporation Ltd ''' A [[1899]] es va construir una nova fàbrica a [[Salfords]] prop de [[Redhill, Surrey|Redhill]] a [[Surrey]] on s'ha situat per més d'un segle. La companyia és d'una mida suficient per tenir la seva pròpia estació de ferrocarril.
 
<! -- The original Monotype machine used "hot metall" to form individual letters. Thus spelling mistakes could be corrected by adding or removing individual letters. This was particularly useful for "quality" printing - such as books. In contrast the [[Linotype machine]] formed a complete line of type in one bar. Editing these required replacing an entire line (and if the replacement ran on to another line, the rest of the paragraph). But Linotype slugs were easier to handle if moving a complete section of text around a page. This was more useful for "quick" printing - such as newspapers.
 
The typesetting machines were continually improved in the early years of the [[20th century]], with a [[typewriter]] style [[alphanumeric keyboard|keyboard]] for entering the type being introduced in [[1906]]. Many of the typefaces familiar today were introduced during the first quarter of the [[20th century]], such as '' [[Caslon]] '', '' [[Times New Roman]] '' and '' [[Goudy]] ''. For much of this century the company ran a [[compositor]] (typesetter operator) training school in London.
 
In [[1936]] the company was floated on the [[London Stock Exchange]] and became the ''' Monotype Corporation Ltd '''. Later the company was split into three divisions: Monotype International, which manufactured spinning mirror switched laser beam phototypesetters; Monotype Limited, which continued the hot metall machines; and Monotype Typography, which designed and sold typefaces. A research and development department was set up in [[Cambridge]] to isolate it from day to day production issues.
--->
El [[1999]], [[Agfa]]-Compugraphic adquirir Monotype Corporation, que es va reanomenar a ''' Agfa Monotype '''. A finals de [[2004]], després de sis anys sota Agfa Corporation, Monotype va ser adquirit per [[TA Associates]], una firma d'inversió privada de [[Boston]]. L'empresa es va convertir en Monotype Imaging, enfocant-se en els negocis tradicionals de la companyia.
 
Monotype ha estat la primera companyia a produir una versió digital de l'alfabet [[Urdú]]. <! -, Urdu [[Nasta'liq script|Nasta'liq]]. A Chinese "keyboard" was developed to typeset Chinese characters; it comprised a book with a stylus. As the pages were turned, the page number was detected electrically and this was combined with the position of the character selected by the stylus on a large grid.
<!--, Urdu [[Nasta'liq script|Nasta'liq]]. A Chinese "keyboard" was developed to typeset Chinese characters; it comprised a book with a stylus. As the pages were turned, the page number was detected electrically and this was combined with the position of the character selected by the stylus on a large grid.
 
In early 2000, Monotype launched Fontwise, the first programari to audit desktops for licensed and inconcedit una llicència fonts .--->
* [http://www.katranpress.com/elston/index.html Monotype caster lecture (at bottom of page)]
* [http://www.mwbixler.com/The Press & Letterfoundry of Michael and Winifred Bixler]
<! - [[Category: Companies established in 1.887]]--->
 
 
[[Categoria: Arts gràfiques]]
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