Diferència entre revisions de la pàgina «Mamelucs de Delhi»

m
Robot treu puntuació penjada després de referències
m (Robot treu puntuació penjada després de referències)
The '''Mamluk Dynasty''' (sometimes referred as '''Slave Dynasty''' or '''Ghulam Dynasty''') ([[Urdu language|Urdu]]: سلسله غلامان, [[Hindi]]: ग़ुलाम ख़ानदान), was directed into India by [[Qutb-ud-din Aybak]], a [[Turkic peoples|Turkic]] general of [[Central Asia]]n birth. It was the first of five unrelated dynasties to rule India's [[Delhi Sultanate]] from 1206 to 1290.<ref name=JE_Walsh_68-70>Walsh, pp. 68-70</ref><ref name=C_Anzalone_100>Anzalone, p. 100</ref> Aybak's tenure as a [[Ghurid Dynasty|Ghurid dynasty]] administrator ranged between 1192 to 1206, a period during which he led invasions into the [[Ganges|Gangetic]] heartland of India and established control over some of the new areas.
 
El '''Mamluk Dynasty''' (a vegades referit com '''Dinastia Esclava''' o '''Ghulam Dynasty''') ([[Urdú]]: , [[Hindi]]: ), era dirigit a Índia per [[Qutb-ad-Din Àybak|Qutb-ud-din Aybak]], un general de [[Pobles turquesos|Turkic]] de naixement [[Àsia Central|Asi]]À[[Sultanat de Delhi|Tic Central]]. Era la primera de cinc dinasties inconnexes governar el [[Gúrides|Delhi sultanate]] de l'Índia de 1206 a 1290. < ref. name=Je_Walsh_68-70>. Walsh, pàg. 68-70 </ref>. <ref name=C_Anzalone_100>. Anzalone, pàg. 100 </ref>. l'arrendament d'Aybak com un administrador de DINASTIA de GHURID oscil·lat entre 1192 a 1206, un període durant el qual portava invasions al cor [[Ganges|Gangetic]] de l'Índia i establia control sobre alguns de les àrees noves.
 
== Història ==
In 1206, [[Muhammad of Ghor]] died. He had no child, so after his death, his sultanate was divided into many parts by his slaves (mamluk generals). [[Tajuddin Elduz|Taj-ud-Din Yildoz]] became the ruler of [[Ghazni]]. [[Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khalji|Mohammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khilji]] got [[Bengal]]. [[Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha]] became the sultan of [[Multan]]. [[Qutub-ud-din-Aybak]] became the sultan of [[Delhi]], and that was the beginning of the Slave dynasty.<ref>http://www.amritworld.com/main/muslim_rule_in_india/slave_dynasty/</ref>
 
El [[Muizz al-Din Muhammad|1206, Muhammad Of]] [[Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khalji|Ghor]] moria. No tenia cap nen, així després de la seva mort, el seu sultanate es dividia en moltes parts pels seus esclaus (generals de mamluk). [[Taj-ud-din Yildoz]] convenia al governant de [[Gazni|Ghazni]]. MOHAMMAD BIN BAKHTIYAR KHILJI aconseguia [[Bengala]]. [[Nasir-ud-din Qabacha]] convenia al soldà de [[Multan]]. [[Qutb-ad-Din Àybak|Qutub-ud-xivarri-aybak]] convertia el soldà de [[Delhi]], i allò era el començament de la dinastia Esclava. <ref>. http://www.amritworld.com/main/muslim_rule_in_india/slave_dynasty/ </ref>.
 
 
Aybak rose to power when a Ghorid superior was assassinated.<ref name=JE_Walsh_70>Walsh, p. 70</ref> However, his reign as the [[Sultan of Delhi]] was short lived as he died in 1210 and his son [[Aram Shah]] rose to the throne, only to be assassinated by [[Iltutmish]] in 1211.
 
Aybak aconseguia poder quan un superior Ghorid s'assassinava. <ref name=Je_Walsh_70>. Walsh, pàg. 70 </ref>. Tanmateix, el seu regnat com el [[Sultanat de Delhi|Sold]]À [[Aram-Xah|Of Delhi]] es vivia de manera curta mentre moria el 1210 i el seu fill ARAM SHAH aconseguia el tron, per només ser assassinat per [[Iltutmix|Iltutmish]] el 1211.
 
 
The Sultanate under Iltutmish established cordial diplomatic contact with the [[Abbasid Caliphate]] between 1228–29 and had managed to keep India unaffected by the invasions of [[Genghis Khan]] and [[Mongol invasion of India|his successors]].<ref name=C_Anzalone_100/> Following the death of Iltutmish in 1236 a series of weak rulers remained in power and a number of the noblemen gained autonomy over the provinces of the Sultanate. Power shifted hands from [[Rukn ud din Firuz]] to [[Razia Sultana]] until [[Ghiyas ud din Balban]] rose to the throne and successfully repelled both external and internal threats to the Sultanate.<ref name=C_Anzalone_100/><ref name=JE_Walsh_70/> The [[Khilji dynasty|Khalji dynasty]] came into being when [[Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji]] overthrew the last of the Slave dynasty rulers, [[Muiz ud din Qaiqabad]], the grandson of Balban, and assumed the throne at Delhi.<ref name=C_Anzalone_101>Anzalone, p. 101</ref>
 
El Sultanate sota Iltutmish establia contacte diplomàtic cordial amb l'[[Califat abbàssida|Abbasid Caliphate]] entre 1228-29 i havia aconseguit mantenir insensible a les invasions de [[Genguis Khan|Genghis Khan]] i [[els seus successors]] l'Índia. <ref name=C_Anzalone_100/>. Després de la mort d'Iltutmish el 1236 una sèrie de governants dèbils romania al poder i un cert nombre dels nobles guanyaven autonomia sobre les províncies del Sultanate. El poder canviava mans de [[Rukn-ad-Din Firuz-Xah|Rukn Ud Din Firuz]] a [[Razia Sultana]] fins que [[Balban|Ghiyas Ud Din Balban]] aconseguia el tron i reeixidament repel·lia amenaces tant externes com internes al Sultanate. <ref name=C_Anzalone_100/>. <ref name=Je_Walsh_70/>. La [[Khalji|Dinastia de khalji]] arribava a ser quan enderrocava [[Firuz Xah Khalji|Jalal Ud Din Firuz Khilji]] l'últim dels governants de dinastia Esclaus, [[Muïzz-ad-Din Qaiqabad|Muiz Ud Din Qaiqabad]], el nét de Balban, i assumia el tron a Delhi. <ref name=C_Anzalone_101>. Anzalone, pàg. 101 </ref>.
 
 
1.327.766

modificacions