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TheL'obertura Italianitaliana Gameés isuna onede ofles themés oldestantigues recordedobertures chessde openings;què ites occursté constància; inapareix theal [[Göttingenmanuscrit manuscriptde Göttingen]] andi wasfou developeddesenvolupada byper playersjugadors suchcom asara [[Pedro Damiano|Damiano]] andi [[Giulio Polerio|Polerio]] inal the 16th[[segle centuryXVI]], andi laterposteriorment byper [[Gioachino Greco|Greco]] inel 1620, whoqui gaveli theva gamedonar itsla mainseva linelínia principal. ItHa hasestat beenanalitzada extensivelyextensament analyzeddurant formés morede than 300 yearsanys. TheEl termnom Italian''partida o obertura italiana'' és Gameactualment isusat nowal usedmateix interchangeablynivell withque [[Giuoco Piano]], thoughtot thati termque alsoel referssegon particularlynom toes playrefereix aftermés en concret a la línia que comença amb 3...Bc5Ac5. TheLa Italianitaliana isés regarded as anuna [[Openobertura Gameoberta]], oro Doublepartida King'sdel doble peó Pawnde gamerei.
The opening's defining move is the White bishop move to c4 (the so-called "[[Chess terminology#Italian bishop|Italian bishop]]") in preparation for an early attack on Black's vulnerable f7-square. As such the game is typified by aggressive play, where Black's best chances are often vigorous counterattacks. Most grandmasters have largely abandoned the Italian Game in favour of the [[Ruy Lopez]] (3.Bb5) and [[Scotch Game|Scotch]] (3.d4), considering those two openings better tries for a long-term advantage, but the Italian is still popular in [[correspondence chess]], where players are allowed access to published theory, and in games between amateurs.