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The ((((( Sidama ))))) (ETHIOPIC: ሲዳማ) people of southern Ethiopia are an ethnic group whose homeland is in the SIDAMA ZONE of the SOUTHERN NATIONS , NATIONALITIES , AND PEOPLES REGION (Snnpr) of ETHIOPIA. They number 2 ,966 ,474 (4.01 % of the population) of whom 149 ,480 are urban inhabitants , the fifth most populous nation in Ethiopia. <ref name="Census 2007">. [http://www.csa.gov.et/pdf/Cen2007_firstdraft.pdf "Census 2007"] , first draft , Table 5 </ref>. Their language is called SIDAAMU-AFOO , which according to the 1994 national census was the mother language of 99.5 % of this ethnic group. <ref>. [http://www.csa.gov.et/surveys/Population % 20and % 20Housing % 20Census % 201994/survey0/data/docs % 5Creport % 5Canalytical_Report % 5Ck07_ana.pdf (( 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations , Nationalities and Peoples' Region )) , Vol. 2] , Table 2.16 (accessed 30 December 2008) </ref>. According to one authority , the majority of the Sidama practice their traditional beliefs , and only in the 1960s that European missionaries came to their region did any leave that faith. <ref name=Hameso>. S. Y. Hameso , Trevor Trueman , Temesgen M. Erena 1997 </ref>. However , according to the 1994 national census , only 14.9 % practice traditional beliefs while the majority (66.8 % ) are PROTESTANT , 7.7 % MUSLIM , 4.6 % CATHOLIC , and 2.3 % practice ETHIOPIAN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY. <ref>. (( 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations , Nationalities and Peoples' Region )) , Vol. 2 , Table 2.20 </ref>. ..
{{petició de traducció|en|Sidama people|jolle}}
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The Sidama preserved their cultural heritage , including their traditional religion and language until the late 1880s during the conquest by Emperor MENELIK II. <ref name=Hameso/>. Before this , the Sidama had their own well-established administrative systems that dated at least to the 9th century , though it was made up of a loose coalition of Sidama kingdoms. These kingdoms extended into the GIBE REGION. As a result of marginalization and since the language does not have its own alphabet , very little has been written on Sidama issues. Many were not able to attend school until after the DERG came to power in 1975. ..
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Today , the Sidama area has only a small number of schools , and inadequate health services , though primary education has increased recently. <ref>. [http://jimmatimes.com/article.cfm?articleId=17040 "Primary education in Ethiopia"] , (( Jimma Times )) </ref>. The people have repeatedly complained that Sidama doesn't have regional autonomy in the country and asked for the government to give the Sidama people their own region.{{ Citation needed .3. date=April 2010}} There are several justifications for this argument.{{ Citation needed .3. date=April 2010}} First , Sidama constitutes about 20 % of the total population in the Southern region <ref name="Census 2007"/>. with a significant economic contribution to the central government.{{ Citation needed .3. date=April 2010}} Second , the 40 smaller ethnic groups in the region belong to the three main socio-cultural and linguistic groups namely , Kushitic groups: Sidama , Alaba , Tambaro , Qewenna , DANTA (Dubamo) , Maraqo , Konso , Hadiya , Kambata ; Omotic groups: Wolayta , Gamo , Gofa , Dawuro , Konta , etc. , and Semitic group: Gurage. After the downfall of the Military regime in 1991 , the Transitional Government endorsed five separate regions within the current Snnpr region. These regions were established based on socio-cultural , linguistic and economic similarities. They followed similar administrative arrangement made by the previous regime shortly before its downfall. Sidama , Gedeo and Burji belonged to one of the five independent regions within the current Snnpr. However , those five regions were dissolved without consultation with the peoples of the region.{{ Citation needed .3. date=April 2010}} Third , proper administrative arrangement is essential for administrative efficacy , effective delivery of social and economic services and broader economic development. ..
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Those against autonomy argue that with the Snnpr being a condensed region with the most ethnic groups concentrated in a small territory , carving out boundaries that historically never existed and are often violently disputed between ethnicities in order to give autonomy to the more than 40 ethnic groups is virtually impossible.{{ Citation needed .3. date=April 2010}} ..
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Nearly 95 % of the Sidama live a life centered around AGRICULTURE. An important staple food is the (( wesse )) plant , or ENSETE. Other crops are also grown and they breed CATTLE. Perhaps the most important source of income is COFFEE , and the area is a major contributor to COFFEE PRODUCTION IN ETHIOPIA , producing a high percentage of export coffee for the central government , second only to the OROMIA region. The Sidama farmers have been affected by hunger caused by declining world market prices for coffee , despite supplying the popular coffee chain Starbucks with the majority of their coffee products from the region. ..
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Spirit possession occurs among the Sidama , with the majority of the possessed being women. Sidama people who are possessed by spirits often become healers. <ref>. Hamer , John and Irene Hamer 1966 Spirit Possession and Its Socio-Psychological Implications among the Sidamo Of Southwest Ethiopia. Ethnology 5 (4): 392-408. </ref>. ..
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(==) See also (==) ..
* SIDAMO PROVINCE ..
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(==) References (==) ..
{{ reflist}} ..
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(==) External links (==) ..
* [http://www.sidama.org sidama.org] ..
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[[Category:Ethnic groups in Ethiopia]] ..
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[[cs:Sidamové]] ..
[[de:Sidama (Volk)]] ..
[[es:Pueblo sidama]] ..
[[eo:Sidamoj]] ..
[[fr:Sidamas]] ..
[[it:Sidama]] ..
[[hu:Szidamók]] ..
[[ru:Сидамо]] ..
paraulesenllacos ..
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ETHIOPIC ..
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SIDAMA ZONE ..
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SOUTHERN NATIONS , NATIONALITIES , AND PEOPLES REGION ..
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ETHIOPIA ..
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SIDAAMU-AFOO ..
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PROTESTANT ..
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MUSLIM ..
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CATHOLIC ..
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ETHIOPIAN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY ..
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MENELIK II ..
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GIBE REGION ..
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DERG ..
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DANTA ..
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AGRICULTURE ..
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ENSETE ..
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CATTLE ..
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COFFEE ..
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COFFEE PRODUCTION IN ETHIOPIA ..
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OROMIA ..
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SIDAMO PROVINCE ..
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