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==Descripció i teoria==
El socialisme d'estat, com ideologia política, iés una de les principals línies divisòries del moviment socialista.<ref>
{{ref-web|url=https://lra.le.ac.uk/handle/2381/3186
{{cite web
|titletítol=Leicester Research Archive: Redistribution Under State Socialism: A USSR and PRC Comparison
|url=https://lra.le.ac.uk/handle/2381/3186
|publishereditor=lra.le.ac.uk
|title=Leicester Research Archive: Redistribution Under State Socialism: A USSR and PRC Comparison
|accessdateconsulta=2008-03-21
|publisher=lra.le.ac.uk
|cognom=
|accessdate=2008-03-21
|firstnom=}}</ref>
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El concepte modern de socialisme d'estat sorgí amb una desviació de Lenin respecte Marx. "Socialisme d'estat",si er a Marx el socialisme triomfaria en els països més desenvolupats, per a Lenin va esdevenir una teoria revolucionària per als països més pobres del món, quasi feudals.<ref>{{cite book ref-llibre|author1autor1= Bertrand Badie |author2autor2= Dirk Berg-Schlosser |author3autor3= Leonardo Morlino |titletítol= International Encyclopedia of Political Science |publishereditorial= SAGE Publications, Inc |yearany= 2011|monthmes= |isbn= 978-1412959636|page pàgina= 2457|quotecitació=Marxist theory was elaborated for, and based on, the most developed countries of the world. Although the state socialist project originated from Marxist theory, it was, however, a deviation from the original theory of Karl Marx. The application of this theory in backward countries, starting with Lenin’s Russia, can be considered as turning it to the other extreme – that is, to a revolutionary theory for the poorest countries of the world}}</ref>
En la teoria marxista el socialisme finalment donaria lloc a una societat comunista sense estat. En canvi bolxevics i menxevics volien aprofitar l'estat<ref>An Outline on the History of Economic Thought,
{{ref-llibre|lastcognom= Screpanti and Zamagni|firstnom= |others=
{{Cite book
|titletítol= An Outline on the History of Economic Thought
|last= Screpanti and Zamagni|first= |others=
|edició= 2nd |series=
|title= An Outline on the History of Economic Thought
|editionany= 2nd2005 |seriesany original=
|publishereditorial=Oxford |locationlloc= |isbn= |oclc= |chaptercapítol= |chapterurl=
|year= 2005 |origyear=
|quotecitació= It should not be forgotten, however, that in the period of the Second International, some of the reformist currents of Marxism, as well as some of the extreme left-wing ones, not to speak of the anarchist groups, had already criticised the view that State ownership and central planning is the best road to socialism. But with the victory of Leninism in Russia, all dissent was silenced, and socialism became identified with ‘democratic centralism’, ‘central planning’, and State ownership of the means of production.|ref= p. 295 |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate=}}</ref>
|publisher=Oxford |location= |isbn= |oclc= |chapter= |chapterurl=
|quote= It should not be forgotten, however, that in the period of the Second International, some of the reformist currents of Marxism, as well as some of the extreme left-wing ones, not to speak of the anarchist groups, had already criticised the view that State ownership and central planning is the best road to socialism. But with the victory of Leninism in Russia, all dissent was silenced, and socialism became identified with ‘democratic centralism’, ‘central planning’, and State ownership of the means of production.|ref= p. 295 |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate=}}</ref>
 
El socialisme d'estat advocava com un sistema per aconseguir la propietat pública dels mitjans de producció a través de la nacionalització de la indústria. Aquest seria una fase de transició en el procés de construir una economia socialista.<ref name="The Economics of Feasible Socialism Revisted, 1991. P.176">''The Economics of Feasible Socialism Revisited'', by Nove, Alexander. 1991. (P.176): "The original notion was that nationalization would achieve three objectives. One was to dispossess the big capitalists. The second was to divert the profits from private appropriation to the public purse. Thirdly, the nationalized sector would serve the public good rather than try to make private profits...To these objectives some (but not all) would add some sort of workers' control, the accountability of management to employees."</ref>
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* {{Citationcitar ref| first nom= A Joseph | last cognom= Berlau | title títol= The German Social Democratic Party, 1914–1921 | place = New York | publisher editorial= Columbia University Press | year any= 1949}}.
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