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Jacob Viner (1892 – 1970) va ser un economista canadenc d'origen jueu i és considerat junt amb Frank Knight i Henry Simons ser un dels mentors inspiradors de la primerenca Escola d'Economia de Chicago a la dècada de 1930. Era un personatge líder de la facultat de la Universitat de Chicago .[1]

Infotaula de personaJacob Viner
Biografia
Naixement 3 maig 1892
Mont-real
Mort 12 setembre 1970 (78 anys)
Princeton
  President 

Dades personals
Educació Universitat Harvard
Universitat McGill
Doctor
Activitat
Director de tesi Frank William Taussig
Camp de treball Economia
Ocupació Economista i professor d'universitat
Ocupador Universitat de Princeton
Universitat de Chicago
Universitat de Stanford
Universitat de Yale
Obra
Estudiant doctoral John Letiche Tradueix
Premis
Modifica les dades a Wikidata

Contingut

ObraModifica

EconomiaModifica

Viner es va oposar a John Maynard Keynes durant la Gran Depressió.

La seva corba de costos encara s'utilitza.[2]

  • Studies in the Theory of International Trade (1937)

Bomba atòmicaModifica

Viner en la Conference on Atomic Energy Control in 1945, va dir que "la bomba atòmica "era el camí més barat per matar éssers humans" .[3]

Publicacions principalsModifica

  • "Some Problems of Logical Method in Political Economy", 1917, JPE
  • "Price Policies: the determination of market price", 1921.
  • Dumping: A problem in international trade, 1923.
  • Canada's Balance of International Indebtedness: 1900–1913, 1924.
  • "The Utility Concept in Value Theory and its Critics", 1925, JPE.
  • "Adam Smith and Laissez-Faire", 1927, Journal of Political Economy, 35(2), pp. 198–232.
  • "The Present Status and Future Prospects of Quantitative Economics", 1928, AER
  • "Mills' Behavior of Prices", 1929, QJE
  • "Costs Curves and Supply Curves," Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie, 3, pp. 23–46. Reprinted in R. B. Emmett, ed. 2002, The Chicago Tradition in Economics, 1892–1945, Routledge, v. 6, pp. 192–215.
  • "The Doctrine of Comparative Costs", 1932, WWA
  • "Inflation as a Possible Remedy for the Depression", 1933, Proceedings of Institute of Public Affairs, Univ. of Georgia
  • "Mr. Keynes on the Causes of Unemployment", 1936, QJE.
  • Studies in the Theory of International Trade, 1937.
  • "The Short View and the Long in Economic Policy," American Economic Review, 30(1), Part 1 1940, pp. 1–15.
  • "Marshall's Economics, in Relation to the Man and to his Times", 1941, AER
  • Trade Relations Between Free-Market and Controlled Economies, 1943.
  • "International Relations between State-Controlled National Economies", 1944, AER.
  • "Prospects for Foreign Trade in the Post-War World", 1946, Manchester Statistical Society.
  • "Power Versus Plenty as Objectives of Foreign Policy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries", 1948, World Politics
  • "Bentham and J.S. Mill: the Utilitarian Background", 1949, AER
  • The Customs Union Issue, 1950.
  • "A Modest Proposal for Some Stress on Scholarship in Graduate Training", 1950 (reprinted in 1991)
  • International Economics, 1951.
  • International Trade and Economic Development, 1952.
  • "Schumpeter's History of Economic Analysis," American Economic Review, 44(5), 1954, pp. 894–910.
  • "`Fashion' in Economic Thought", 1957, Report of 6th Conference of Princeton Graduate Alumni
  • "International Trade Theory and its Present-Day Relevance", 1955, Economics and Public Policy
  • The Long View and the Short: Studies in Economic Theory, 1958.
  • "Stability and Progress: the poorer countries' problem", 1958, in Hague, editor, Stability and Progress in the World Economy
  • Five Lectures on Economics and Freedom, 1959 (Wabash Lectures, publ. 1991)
  • "The Intellectual History of Laissez-Faire", 1960, J Law Econ
  • "Hayek on Freedom and Coercion", 1960, Southern EJ
  • "Relative Abundance of the Factors and International Trade", 1962, Indian EJ
  • "The Necessary and Desirable Range of Discretion to be Allowed to a Monetary Authority", 1962, in Yeager, editor, In Search of a Monetary Constitution
  • "Progressive Individualism as Original Sin", 1963, Canadian J of Econ & Poli Sci
  • "The Earlier Letters of John Stuart Mill", 1963, Univ of Toronto Quarterly
  • "The Economist in History", 1963, American Economic Review, 53(2), pp. 1–22
  • "The United States as a Welfare State", 1963, in Higgenbotham, editor, Man, Science, Learning and Education
  • Problems of Monetary Control, 1964.
  • "Comment on my 1936 Review of Keynes", 1964, in Lekachman, editor, Keynes's General Theory
  • "Introduction", in J. Rae, Life of Adam Smith, 1965.
  • "Adam Smith", 1968, in Sills, editor, International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences
  • "Mercantilist Thought", 1968, in Sills, editor, International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences
  • "Man's Economic Status", 1968, in Clifford, editor, Man Versus Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain.
  • "Satire and Economics in the Augustan Age of Satire", 1970, in Miller et al., editors, The Augustan Milieu
  • The Role of Providence in the Social Order, 1972.
  • Religious Thought and Economic Society, 1978.
  • Essays on the Intellectual History of Economics, 1991.

ReferènciesModifica

  1. Alan O. Ebenstein, Hayek's journey: the mind of Friedrich Hayek, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, pp. 164–165
  2. Viner, Jacob «Cost Curves and Supply Curves». Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie, 3, 1, 1931, pàg. 23–46. JSTOR: 41792520. Reprinted in R. B. Emmett, ed. 2002, The Chicago Tradition in Economics, 1892–1945, Routledge, v. 6, pp. 192–215.
  3. Richard Rhodes. The Making of the Atomic Bomb. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1986, p. 753. 
  • Bloomfield, Arthur I. «On the Centenary of Jacob Viner's Birth: A Retrospective View of the Man and His Work». Journal of Economic Literature, 30, 4, 1992, pàg. 2052–2085. JSTOR: 2727973.
  • Markwell, Donald. John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace. Oxford University Press, 2008. 

Enllaços externsModifica