Els catostòmids (Catostomidae) són una família de peixos teleostis d'aigua dolça pertanyent a l'ordre dels cipriniformes.[3]

Infotaula d'ésser viuCatostòmids
Catostomidae Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Carpiodes cyprinus Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Amyzon aggregatum 01.jpg
Fòssil d'Amyzon aggregatum de fa 49 milions d'anys trobat a Washington (Estats Units).
FamíliaCatostomidae Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Agassiz, 1855


  • La majoria de les seues espècies no superen els 60 cm de llargada, però les espècies més grosses poden mesurar 1 m.
  • La boca està situada davall del cap i presenta llavis prims i molsuts.
  • Es distingeixen d'altres famílies properes gràcies a un os llarg faringi a la gargamella, el qual conté una simple filera de dents.[4]


Mengen detritus, crustacis, cucs, insectes de la superfície i peixets.[5]

Distribució geogràficaModifica

Viuen a Nord-amèrica,[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20] el centre-est de la Xina[21][22][23][24] i l'est de Sibèria.[25][26][27][28][5]

Gèneres i espèciesModifica


No són molt apreciats a l'Amèrica del Nord per la seua carn ni tampoc hi són pescats habitualment de forma recreativa. Tot i així, Catostomus commersonii i Hypentelium nigricans en són les espècies preferides per menjar.[5]

Ús comercialModifica

Són envasats, fumats i fregits.[66]


  1. The Paleobiology Database (anglès)
  2. Berg, L.S., 1958. System der rezenten und fossilen Fischartigen und Fische. VEB Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlín.
  3. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  4. Banister, Keith F., 1998. Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N.. ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pàg. 100. ISBN 0125476655
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 ZipCodeZoo (anglès)
  6. Etnier, D. A. i W. C. Starnes, 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville (Tennessee). xiv + 681 pp.
  7. Evermann, B. W. i E. L. Goldsborough, 1907. The fishes of Alaska. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 26: 219-360.
  8. Jelks, H.L., S.J. Walsh, N.M. Burkhead, S. Contreras-Balderas, E. Díaz-Pardo, D.A. Hendrickson, J. Lyons, N.E. Mandrak, F. McCormick, J.S. Nelson, S.P. Platania, B.A. Porter, C.B. Renaud, J.J. Schmitter-Soto, E.B. Taylor i M.L. Warren, Jr., 2008. Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.
  9. Jenkins, R. M., 1953. Growth histories of the principal fishes in Grand Lake (O' the Cherokees), Oklahoma, through thirteen years of impoundment. Okla. Fish. Res. Lab. Rep. 34:1-87.
  10. Jenkins, R. E. i N. M. Burkhead, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 1079 p.
  11. Keast, A., 1968. Feeding of some Great Lakes fishes at low temperatures. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 25(6):1199-1218.
  12. Lyons, J., G. González-Hernandéz, E. Soto-Galera i M. Guzmán-Arroyo, 1998. Decline of freshwater fishes and fisheries in selected drainages of west-central Mexico. Fisheries 23(4):10-18.
  13. Moring, J. R., 1996. Fish discoveries by the Lewis and Clark and Red River Expeditions. Fish. Hist. 21(7):6-12.
  14. Morrow, J.E., 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska. University of. B.C. Animal Resources Ecology Library. 248p.
  15. Moyle, P. B., 1976. Inland fishes of California. University California Press.
  16. Nelson, J. S. i M. J. Paetz, 1992. The fishes of Alberta. The University of Alberta Press, el Canadà.
  17. Quast, J. C. i E. L. Hall, 1972. List of fishes of Alaska and adjacent waters with a guide to some of their literature. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS SSRF-658, 47 p.
  18. Rempel, L. L. i D. G. Smith, 1998. Postglacial fish dispersal from the Mississippi refuge to the Mackenzie River basin. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55:893-899.
  19. Tomelleri, J. R. i M. E. Eberle, 1990. Fishes of the central United States. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. 226 p.
  20. Wydoski, R. S. i R. R. Whitney, 1979. Inland fishes of Washington. University Washington Press. 220 p.
  21. Hwang, H.C., P.C. Yueh i S.F. Yu, 1982. The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 1 Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Xangai, la Xina. 173 p.
  22. Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong i W. Mingxue, 2003. Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290.
  23. Nichols, J.T., 1943. The freshwater fishes of China. Natural history of Central Asia: Volum IX. The American Museum of Natural History, Nova York, Estats Units, 322 p.
  24. Wang, S. (ed.), 1998. China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces. National Environmental Protection Agency. Endangered Species Scientific Commision. Science Press, Beijing, Xina. 247p.
  25. Andriyashev, A.P. i N.V. Chernova, 1995. Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123.
  26. Bogutskaya, N. G. i A. M. Naseka, 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296: 21-30.
  27. Reshetnikov, Y. S., N. G. Bogutskaya, E. D. Vasil'eva, E. A. Dorofeeva, A. M. Naseka, O. A. Popova, K. A. Savvaitova, V. G. Sideleva i L. I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9): 687-736.
  28. Walters, V., 1955. Fishes of the western arctic America and eastern arctic Siberia, taxonomy and zoogeography. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. N.Y. 106(5):255-368.
  29. 29,0 29,1 29,2 29,3 29,4 Rafinesque C. S., 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis (Part 6). Western Rev. Misc. Mag. v. 2 (núm. 5). 299-307.
  30. 30,0 30,1 30,2 30,3 Lesueur, C. A., 1817. A new genus of fishes, of the order Abdominales, proposed, under the name of Catostomus; and the characters of this genus, with those of its species, indicated. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, núms. 5/6): 88-96, 102-111.
  31. Jordan, D. S., 1878. A catalogue of fishes of the fresh waters of North America. Bull. U. S. Geol. Geogr. Surv. Terr. v. 4 (núm. 2, art. 18): 407-442.
  32. 32,0 32,1 Cope, E. D., 1879. The fishes of the Klamath Lake, Oregon. Am. Nat. v. 13 (núm. 12): 784-785.
  33. Cope, E. D., 1883. On the fishes of the Recent and Pliocene lakes of the western part of the Great Basin, and of the Idaho Pliocene lake. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. v. 35: 134-166, 1 map.
  34. Cope, E. D. & H. C. Yarrow, 1875. Report upon the collections of fishes made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U. S. Geol. Surv. West 100. Meridian v. 5 (Zool.) Chapter 6: 635-703, Pls. 26-32.
  35. Jordan, D. S., 1878. A synopsis of the family Catostomidae. Bull. U. S. Natl. Mus. No. 12: 97-237.
  36. Miller, R. R. & G. R. Smith, 1981. Distribution and evolution of Chasmistes (Pisces: Catostomidae) in western North America. Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. No. 696: 1-46.
  37. 37,0 37,1 Rafinesque C. S., 1819. Prodrome de 70 nouveaux genres d'animaux découverts dans l'intérieur des États-Unis d'Amérique, durant l'année 1818. J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. v. 88. 417-429.
  38. Burr, B. M. & Mayden, R. L., 1999. A new species of Cycleptus (Cypriniformes: Catostomidae) from Gulf slope drainages of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, with a review of the distribution, biology, and conservation status of the genus. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History No. 20: 19-57.
  39. Seale, A., 1896. Notes on Deltistes, a new genus of catostomoid fishes. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 2) v. 6: 269.
  40. Jordan D. S., 1876. Concerning the fishes of the Ichthyologia Ohiensis. Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. v. 3 (núm. 3, art. 8). 91-97.
  41. Mitchill, S. L., 1814. Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill, M. D., ... on the fishes of New-York. NovaYork. Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill, M. D., ... on the fishes of New-York.: 1-28.
  42. Lacepède, B. G. E., 1803. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 5: i-lxviii + 1-803 + index, Pls. 1-21.
  43. Agassiz, L., 1855. Art. XII. Synopsis of the ichthyological fauna of the Pacific slope of North America, chiefly from the collections made by the U. S. Expl. Exped. under the command of Captain C. Wilkes, with recent additions and comparisons with eastern types. American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 19 (núm. 55): 71-99.
  44. Rafinesque C. S., 1818. Description of three new genera of fluviatile fish, Pomoxis, Sarchirus and Exoglossum. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. v. 1 (pt 2). 417-422.
  45. Jordan, D. S., 1877. A partial synopsis of the fishes of upper Georgia; with supplementary papers on fishes of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana. Annals of the Lycium of Natural History of New York v. 11 (núms. 11-12): 307-377.
  46. Raney, E. C. & Lachner, E. R., 1947. Hypentelium roanokense, a new catostomid fish from the Roanoke River in Virginia. American Museum Novitates No. 1333: 1-15.
  47. Rafinesque, C. S., 1818. Discoveries in natural history, made during a journey through the western region of the United States. American Monthly Magazine and Critical Revue v. 3 (5) (Sept. 1818): 354-356.
  48. Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1844. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 17: i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp., Pls. 487-519.
  49. Meek, S. E., 1904. The fresh-water fishes of Mexico north of the isthmus of Tehuantepec. Field Columbian Museum, Zoological Series v. 5: i-lxiii + 1-252, Pls. 1-17.
  50. Günther A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7. i-xx + 1-512.
  51. Jordan D. S., 1878. Manual of the vertebrates of the northern United States, including the district east of the Mississippi River and north of North Carolina and Tennessee, exclusive of marine species. Xicago. 2a edició, revisada i ampliada. Manual Vert. 2nd ed. 1-407.
  52. Gill T. N., 1878. (Account of Myxocyprinus). A: Johnson's Cyclopaedia. Account Myxocyprinus. 1574.
  53. Bleeker, P., 1864. Notices sur quelques genres et espèces de Cyprinoïdes de Chine. Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2: 18-29.
  54. Jordan D. S., 1917. Changes in names of American fishes. Copeia No. 49. 85-89.
  55. Bailey, R. M., 1959. A new catostomid fish, Moxostoma (Thoburnia) atripinne, from the Green River drainage, Kentucky and Tennessee. Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. No. 599: 1-19, Pls. 1-2.
  56. Raney, E. C. & E. A. Lachner, 1946. Thoburnia hamiltoni, a new sucker from the Upper Roanoke River system in Virginia. Copeia 1946 (núm. 4): 218-226, Pl. 1.
  57. Jordan, D. S. & B. W. Evermann, 1896. The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part I. Bull. U. S. Natl. Mus. No. 47: i-lx + 1-1240.
  58. Kirsch, P. H., 1889. Notes on a collection of fishes obtained in the Gila River, at Fort Thomas, Arizona, by Lieut. W. L. Carpenter, U. S. Army. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. v. 11 (núm. 754): 555-558.
  59. Abbott, C. C., 1860. Description of four new species of North American Cyprinidae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. v. 12: 473-474.
  60. BioLib (anglès)
  62. FishBase (anglès)
  63. Catalogue of Life (anglès)
  64. Dictionary of Common (Vernacular) Names (anglès)
  65. IUCN (anglès)
  66. Cooking and Eating Suckers (anglès)


  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, els Estats Units.
  • Baensch, H. A. i R. Riehl, 1985. Aquarien atlas. Band 2. Mergus, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde GmbH, Melle, Alemanya. 1216 p.
  • Baensch, H. A. i R. Riehl, 1991. Aquarien atlas. Bd. 3. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Alemanya. 1104 p.
  • Baensch, H. A. i R. Riehl, 1995. Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Alemanya. 864 p.
  • Breder, C. M. i D. E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, Nova Jersey, els Estats Units. 941 p.
  • Clausen, R. G., 1936. Oxygen consumption in fresh water fishes. Ecology 17:216-226.
  • Eigenmann, C. H., 1895. Results of explorations in western Canada and northwestern United States. Bull. U.S. Fish. Comm. 14:101-132.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, els Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0940228238.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed., 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, els Estats Units. ISBN 0940228475.
  • Garibaldi, L., 1996. List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.
  • Hanel, L. i J. Novák, 2002. Ceské názvy zivocichu V. Ryby a ryboviti obratlovci (Pisces) 3., maloústí (Gonorhynchiformes) - máloostní (Cypriniformes). Národní muzeum (zoologické oddelení), Praga.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey, 1997. The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, els Estats Units.
  • Hugg, D.O., 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. i Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, els Estats Units.
  • IGFA, 2001. Base de dades de registres de pesca IGFA fins al 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, els Estats Units.
  • Lever, C., 1996. Naturalized fishes of the world. Academic Press, Califòrnia, els Estats Units. 408 p.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech, 2000. Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall.
  • Nelson, J. S., 2006. Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, els Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
  • Vassíliev, V. P. «Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish» (en anglès). Journal of Ichthyology, 20, 3, 1980, pàg. 1–38. ISSN: 0032-9452.
  • Wheeler, A., 1977. Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p.
  • Wheeler, A., 1985. The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a edició, Londres: Macdonald.

Enllaços externsModifica