Puntius

peix de la família dels ciprínids

Puntius és un gènere de peixos de la família dels ciprínids i de l'ordre dels cipriniformes.

Infotaula d'ésser viuPuntius Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Gold Barb Puntius semifasciolatus 7.png
Puntius semifasciolatus Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Taxonomia
Super-regneEukaryota
RegneAnimalia
FílumChordata
ClasseActinopteri
OrdreCypriniformes
FamíliaCyprinidae
GènerePuntius Modifica el valor a Wikidata
(Hamilton, 1822)[1]

La llargària màxima per a un exemplar adult d'aquest gènere és inferior als 25 cm, tot i que, normalment, és de 15, i moltes espècies només assoleixen els 5.[2] Són omnívors: mengen petits invertebrats i matèria vegetal.[2] i es troben a l'Àsia Sud-oriental, l'Índia, Sri Lanka i el riu Congo (Àfrica).[2] Són populars com a peixos d'aquari.[2]

El 2012 es va escindir i reorganitzar el gènere puntius, ja des de temps considerat com un calaix de sastre i es van definir tres gèneres nous, Dravidia, Dawkinsia i Pethia.[3]

TaxonomiaModifica

Espècies de puntius reclassificadesModifica

El 2012, van reorganitzar el gènere, que des de molt de temps era suspecte de polifiletisme. Un estudi nou de la morfologia i osteologia així com de l'àcid ribonucleic va confirmar aquesta hipòtesi.[3] Heusaquí la llista dels puntius reclassificats.

DravidiaModifica

DawkinsiaModifica

PethiaModifica

ReferènciesModifica

  1. Hamilton, F. [Buchanan] 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg i Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 www.zipcodezoo.com (anglès)
  3. 3,0 3,1 Pethiyagoda, Rohan; Meegaskumbura, Madhava; Maduwage, Kalana «A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae): Dawkinsia, new genus». Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, Vol. 23, No. 1, juny 2012, pàg. 80. ISSN: 0936-9902.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 4,3 4,4 4,5 Herre, A. W. C. T., 1924. Distribution of the true fresh-water fishes in the Philippines. I. The Philippine Cyprinidae. Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (núm. 3): 249-307, Pls. 1-2.
  5. 5,0 5,1 Day, F. 1869. Observations on Indian fishes. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3): 580-585.
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,4 Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1842. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome seizième. Livre dix-huitième. Les Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 16: i-xx + 1-472, Pls. 456-487.
  7. Vaillant, L. L. 1902. Résultats zoologiques de l'expédition scientifique Néerlandaise au Bornéo central. Poissons. Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1): 1-166, Pls. 1-2.
  8. 8,0 8,1 Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Day, F. 1878. The fishes of India; being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Fishes India Part 4: i-xx + 553-779, Pls. 139-195.
  10. Kottelat, M. & R. Pethiyagoda. 1989. Eine neue Barbenart von Sri Lanka. Puntius asoka spec. nov. Aquarien und Terrarien Zeitschrift v. 42 (núm. 8): 472-476.
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  72. Kottelat, M. & R. Pethiyagoda. 1991. Descriptions of three new species of cyprinid fishes from Sri Lanka. (Pp. 298-313, Appendix 1) A: R. Pethiyagoda, Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. Freshwater Fishes Sri Lanka.
  73. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  74. Kullander, S.O. & Fang, F. 2005. Two New Species of Puntius from Northern Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Copeia, 2005 (2): 290–302.
  75. 75,0 75,1 75,2 Kullander, S.O. 2008. Five new species of Puntius from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (1): 59-84.
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  77. Linthoigambi, I & W Vishwanath, 2007. Two new fish species of the genus Puntius (Hamilton) (Cyprinidae) from Manipur, India, with notes on Puntius ticto (Hamilton) and Puntius stoliczkanus (Day). Zootaxa 1450: 45–56.
  78. Menon, A. G. K., K. Rema Devi & W. Vishwanath 2000. A new species of Puntius (Cyprinidae: Cyprininae) from Manipur, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. v. 97 (núm. 2): 263-268.
  79. Kullander, S.O. 2008. Five new species of Puntius from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (1): 59-84.
  80. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  81. Kullander, S.O. & Britz, R. 2008. Puntius padamya, a new species of Cyprinid fish from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Electronic Journal of Ichthyology, 4 (2): 56 - 66.
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  83. Meegaskumbura, M., Silva, A., Maduwage, K. & Pethiyagoda, R. 2008. Puntius reval, a new barb from Sri Lanka (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (2): 141-152.
  84. Yazdani, G. M. & Talukdar. 1975. A new species of Puntius (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Khasi and Jaintia Hills (Meghalaya), India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 72 (pt 1): 218-221.
  85. Kullander, S.O. & Fang, F. 2005. Two New Species of Puntius from Northern Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Copeia, 2005 (2): 290–302.